The cause of these accidents can be extremely complicated and claims can be imposed on multiple parties to civil liability. This is why there are specific provisions set out in a binding protocol, the Claims and Handling Allocation (CAHA) agreement. All operators must be parties to approved liability sharing agreements between operators and the treatment of claims. The only approved agreements are those included in the Industry Claims Allocation and Handling Agreement (CAHA) and applicants must sign the agreement before the licence or NPRS can come into effect. The register indicates that the agreements aim to achieve their objective of protecting third parties by: – Most railway operators are required to become members of the RSSB, to fulfil the obligations and to exercise the rights of such membership from the date of entry into force of the licence. Licensees are also required to complete the formal and legal documents associated with such membership within three months of the entry into force of the license or NPRS. The ORR may make available the corresponding interlocutors with the RSSB, who are responsible for applications for membership. Small economic operators are subject to a turnover threshold based on the definition of turnover in the RSSB constitutional agreement. The main objective of the RSSB is to guide and facilitate the work of the railway industry in order to continuously improve the health and safety performance of railways in the UK. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to involve as many sectors as possible, in particular all parties that operate trains on the Network Rail network.
Certain requirements of the Regulation are covered by existing franchises and regulated inter-trade agreements, such as the ticketing and invoicing agreement. Franchising authorities will exercise their supervisory functions as they have done so far and will cooperate, where appropriate, with the ORR. The CAHA negotiated an agreement in 1940 with the National Hockey League (NHL) that recognized junior hockey in Canada as a source of talent for the NHL and provided the CAHA with financial compensation for the development of amateur players who signed professional contracts.  The agreement provided for the NHL`s authorization to hire a limited number of junior-aged players and began a relationship between amateur and professional hockey.  Several of the changes concerning railway undertakings were implemented in 2009 through amendments to the national travel conditions for railways and the Industry Allocation and Management Agreement (CAHA). This last point is a well-established way for passengers to assert their rights and ensure that the handling of claims is coordinated within the sector. Passengers may continue to contact an operator or the CAHA Registrar for complaints handled by the competent authority. The CAHA Registrar can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 01908 543627. . . .